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Indian Diet Chart For Type 1 Diabetes Management

Posted on October 15 2021

Indian Diet Chart For Type 1 Diabetes Management | Roshni Sanghvi

Type 1 diabetes mellitus or type 1 diabetes classifies as an autoimmune disease affecting 9.5% of the population across the globe. This number is also constantly growing with every decade.

Type 1 diabetics carry an 11- 14 times an increased risk of death compared to the general population. This itself should be motivating to someone to make lifestyle changes to manage the condition.

Autoimmune diseases are a specific group of conditions where the immune system mistakenly attacks your own body.

The immune system is an integral part of the human body and keeps harmful bacteria and viruses at bay in normal circumstances.However, those people who suffer from an autoimmune disease have malfunctioning immune systems. Instead of sending autoantibodies to kill those harmful agents, the immune system mistakes certain parts of your body, such as the pancrea's incase of diabetes.

But is it all genetics? According to Dr. Michael Greger, MD, pioneer in disease management through lifestyle and nutrition:

"Some countries have low rates of incidence, and others have high rates. Japan, for example, has type 1 diabetes rates 18 times lower than the United States. This disparity isn’t due only to genetics, however, because, when children migrate, they tend to acquire the risk of their new home, suggesting it’s got something to do with the environment, diet, or lifestyle. In fact, the incidence rates vary more than 350-fold around the world. Some countries have rates hundreds of times higher than others, and it is on the rise. Researchers looked at 37 populations from around the world and found that the incidence has been increasing about 3 percent a year—our genes don’t change that fast. In fact, they couldn’t find a single population with decreasing incidence of type 1 diabetes."

So if not gene's, what else could be the cause. And is this reversible?

Let's first look at what causes type 1 diabetes.

We never eat exactly the amount of food required for the body at that time. Thus, our body is smart to store some of the food we eat in the form of glycogen, in the liver and muscle cells. When in need, the body will break it's glycogen stores down to be reused as energy, like, when you are starving.

The job to store excess glucose to glycogen is done by the hormone called insulin which is produced by the pancreas.

In type 1 diabetes, the immune system targets and destroys the pancreas's insulin-producing cells (known as beta cells). When the pancreas stops producing insulin, glucose (sugar), from the food we eat, cannot be stored in the liver and muscles. Instead, it keep floating in the blood. Unfortunately, this leads to an increase in blood sugar levels, coupled with other health issues.

This condition occurs mainly in children and young people; therefore, it is also called juvenile diabetes.

Does Casein in Milk Exposure Trigger Type 1 Diabetes?

Casein, is a type of protein molecule found in cow's milk. Over 80% of milk protein is actually Casein.

Now, the question arises: what causes diabetes, especially in children?

Several elements have been assumed to tipping children into diabetes. These include vitamin D deficiency, cow's milk exposure, or even certain infections.

Decades ago, cross-country comparison publications showed a correlation between milk consumption and the incidence of type 1 diabetes, such as insulin-dependent, childhood-onset diabetes. The studies showed that "94% of the geographic variation in incidence is explainable by differences in milk consumption [alone]." So countries with higher milk consumption had higher causes of type 1 diabetes. More about the same is discussed in this blog:

It started with studies that state 'fewer (the) babies are breastfed, the higher the rate of type 1 diabetes.' It led to the conclusion that breast milk protects newborn infants during the first few months of life.

Since the gut of the infants is still developing, it is particularly triggered by animal proteins. Thus, cow milk formula fed babies were at a greater risk at developing diabetes.

In infants, the immune system attacks foreign cow proteins, and end up killing the beta cells in the pancreas instead. In this situation, the pancreas gets caught in the crossfire. However, this was based on animal experiments.

Not long after, researchers decided to test this theory on humans. Thus, the researchers drew blood from children with type 1 diabetes to observe elevated antibody levels attacking the bovine proteins. There were observations that every child affected had elevated anti-bovine protein antibodies.

Meat Consumption and the Development of Type 1 Diabetes

Mycobacterium paratuberculosis is a bacterial infection that affects dairy and livestock. Mycobacterium paratuberculosis also exists in beef, pork, and chicken. It often survives pasteurization of milk and high cooking temperatures. Thus, making its way into your plate, and your stomach.

This bacteria may even trigger type 1 diabetes. ParaTB bacteria exist in the bloodstream of most type 1 diabetics tested, exposed through the retail milk supply. .

The more dairy we eat, the higher the rates of type 1 diabetes we have. But, the same is valid for meat.

And, there is a negative correlation between the intake of grains and type 1 diabetes. It fits within the general context of "a lower prevalence of chronic diseases" among people consuming plant-based foods. And, "the increase in meat consumption over time" seemed to parallel the increasing incidence of the disease.

Infant, so much so that even the consumption of meat by the mother while pregnant translates to higher incidences of diabetes in infants!

In the fight for diabetes, nutrition is simple, and science is clear, keep dairy and meat of your plate. But what about Ghee? Here you go:

High- fat diet's and Type 1 Diabetes

Stop sugar, stop carbs, stop grains, stop meat. So what's left on your plate? FAT. Bad idea!

Here is where we are getting it wrong.

You want to stay off processed sugars like soda's, table sugar, artificial sweeteners etc, but fill your plate with whole grains, lentils, vegetables and fruits (Yes! Lots of fruits!). All these food groups help boost insulin sensitivity and optimize gut health.

What you are looking for is a whole- food plant- based diet that is low is processed sugars and fats.

When studies compare a high- fat diet VS a high- carb diet, turns out that a high- fat diet causes more of an insulin spike in the body that carbs do. So a breakfast of eggs and toast will cause more of an insulin spike than toast and fruits.

As per a new study published by the American Diabetes Association, fatty foods tend to increase blood sugar levels for people with type 1 diabetes.

As a part of this study, researchers offered 48-hours' worth of meals containing identical carbohydrate and protein content with varying fat content (10 grams vs 60 grams to study type 1 diabetes patients at the Joslin Diabetes Center in Boston). There were observations that high-fat meals needed around 42% more insulin to control blood sugar.

Further, research also portrays that reducing fat instead of carbohydrate can improve type 2 diabetes.

Lack of physical activity.

According to the American Diabetes Association, regular physical activity is significant for overall health and wellness irrespective of diabetes.

It's important to check blood sugar before, during, and after exercise to learn how different types of activity will affect you. Exercise is an essential part of treating type 1 diabetes. 

It is also particularly important to choose activities that trigger the wear and tear of muscle fibres, thus challenging the body to re- build more muscle cells. This increase in muscle mass helps with glucose metabolism and keeping the blood glucose level's low. 

author-bio

Roshni Sanghvi is an Indian plant-based sports nutritionist and body transformation specialist. She is the first Indian to represent on a national bodybuilding stage being on a 100% plant-based diet. Roshni is a holistic nutritionist, graduated from the prestigious NutraPhoria college of nutrition in Canada. She is also an ACE-certified personal trainer, certified PlantFed gut coach, certified Bodyshred, and Animal flow instructor with a specialisation in disease reversal through food and lifestyle modification.

Her approach is more focused on helping you in adopting a healthy lifestyle. With her result-oriented holistic methods, she has managed to transform and reverse lifestyle diseases such as PCOS, Thyroid, Diabetes etc for 12k+ clients worldwide.

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